A researcher in neurophysiology by training, Yves Legrain holds a PhD form University of Paris. After a career in the pharmaceutical industry, he took responsibilities in CFDT, a French labor union, first in its Chemistry Federation, then at central level as a CFDT Confederal Secretary. As such, he became a member of France's Economical, Social and Environmental Council (Conseil économique, social et environnemental, CESE), a constitutional consultative assembly, which advises the government. The Council represents the leading economic and social actors, facilitates co-operation among the various professional interest groups and ensures that they contribute to the government's economic, social and environmental policy. Mr. Legrain was in charge of two CESE reports, one on biomedicine in 2009 (Les biomédicaments : des opportunités à saisir pour l'industrie pharmaceutique / Biopharmaceutical: opportunities for the pharmaceutical industry) and one on circular economy in 2014 (Transition vers une industrie économe en matières premières / Transitions towards a less consuming industrial model).